What Is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that disrupts the body’s ability to effectively utilize insulin. It is characterized by a condition known as insulin resistance, where the body’s cells become less responsive to the effects of insulin. As a result, the normal functioning of insulin, which is essential for regulating blood sugar levels, is compromised. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong ailment requiring ongoing management and attention.
The likelihood of developing this form of diabetes is highest among individuals who are middle-aged or older. Previously referred to as adult-onset diabetes, it is now known as type 2 diabetes. However, it is important to note that type 2 diabetes can also affect children and teenagers, primarily due to the prevalence of childhood obesity.
Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
Being very thirsty
Peeing a lot
Wounds that don’t heal
Weight loss without trying
Tingling or numbness in your hands or feet
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
The pancreas plays a vital role in producing a hormone called insulin, which assists in converting glucose, a form of sugar found in the food we consume, into energy for the body’s cells. In the case of individuals with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still produces insulin, but the cells do not effectively utilize it as they should.
Initially, the pancreas ramps up its production of insulin in an effort to transport glucose into the cells. However, over time, the pancreas becomes unable to sustain this increased insulin production, leading to a buildup of glucose in the bloodstream instead.
Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors
There are specific factors that increase the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes. The greater the number of these factors that apply to an individual, the higher their chances of developing the condition.
There are various risk factors associated with your health and medical history, which may include:
Heart and blood vessel disease
Having a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds
Gestational diabetes while you were pregnant
Low HDL (“good”) cholesterol
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Being overweight or obese
In conclusion, type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by the body’s inability to efficiently utilize insulin, resulting in high blood sugar levels. It can affect individuals of different age groups, including middle-aged or older adults as well as children and teenagers, primarily due to factors such as obesity. The pancreas produces insulin, but the cells do not respond to it adequately. As a result, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream, potentially leading to serious health complications. Managing type 2 diabetes requires ongoing attention and care to maintain stable blood sugar levels and prevent associated health risks. It is important for individuals with risk factors to be aware of the condition and take proactive measures to maintain their health.